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Natural Gas Exploration: What You Need to Know



July 15 through Sept. 15, 2014
Check out the Mining and Energy Commission for copies of the proposed rules

Energy Modernization Act

Also referred to as the “Fracking Bill”

Governor Signs SB 786 into Law – June 4, 2014

The Fayetteville Observer six day series on fracking

Mining and Energy Commission’s current draft of oil and gas rules:

SubChapter 05H – Oil and Gas Rules Clean 

SubChapter 05H – Oil and Gas Rules Track Changes

MEC Timeline:
June 5-6, 2014 – Mining and Energy Commission meets to approve the final report.
Public Comment sessions:

August 22 (tentative) from 5-9 p.m. at the Dennis A. Wicker Civic Center in Sanford.
August 19 and 25 in other parts of the state (TBA)
Written public comment runs through September 15

October 3 and 4, 2014 – Mining and Energy Commission meets to discuss public comments
January 1, 2015 – Mining and Energy Commission submits recommendations to the General Assembly

 Application to serve on Environmental Review & Advisory Committee

Private Well Water Tests Results
1998 – 2010

 Audio Recording:
Mining and Energy Commission Testimony to the Joint Legislative Commission on Energy Policy

PowerPoint Presentation:
Update on Oil & Gas Regulatory Framework
Testimony to Joint Legislative Commission on Energy Policy

 February 4, 2014

Energy Bill

General Assembly of North Carolina

Session 2013

Session Law 2013-365

Senate Bill 76

  Revised Status Update on the North Carolina Oil & Gas Regulatory Framework

Revised February 4, 2014
Presented by:
Jim Womack, Chair
North Carolina Mining & Energy Commission


Rural Advancement Foundation International cultivates markets, policies and communities that support thriving, socially-just, and environmentally-sound family farms. RAFI has worked to keep landowners informed on the issues surrounding hydraulic fracturing.

 NC DENR Shale Gas Listserv

The Listserve is designed to provide interested parties with information about oil and gas management at NCDENR.

To subscribe to the list, send an email to the following address with “subscribe” in the subject line: or follow the instructions at

To unsubscribe, send an email to the following address with “unsubscribe” in the subject line: or follow the instructions at
Note: This is not an interactive listserv. Please do not reply to emails sent on this list; it will not be delivered to anyone.


Triassic Basins in Lee County
Mineral Rights and Oil & Gas Leases
Hydorcarbon Shale

NC Division of Air Quality

Project Plan for Baseline Ambient Air Monitoring near Potential Shale Gas Development Zones in Lee County, NC [PDF]

List of pollutants that will be monitored [PDF]

Energy Production – Issues for Forest Landowners

Theodore A. Feitshans
Extension Associate Professor and Director, ARE Distance Education Program
Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics,
North Carolina State University
May 30, 2013

Some Tax Considerations from Leases, Bonus and Royalty Payments

Mark Megalos
Extension Associate, Professor
North Carolina State University
March 30, 2013

Fracking 101…Hydrofracking and The Natural System

Shale Gas and America’s Future
Martin Matthews, Geologist, Retired
April 2013

North Carolina: Recent Natural Gas publications – Mesozoic basins

Updated 7 March 2013


Mining and Energy Commission meetings are available for viewing online via NCGoConnect.
Agendas for meetings can be found at

Hydraulic fracturing position statement – Association of American State Geologist (ASSSG)

The Association of American State Geologists (AASG) represents the State Geologists of the 50 United States and Puerto Rico. Founded in 1908, AASG seeks to advance the science and practical application of geology and related earth sciences in the United States and its territories, commonwealths, and possessions.

Registration of Landmen: required by SESSION LAW 2012-143 SENATE BILL 820 landmen must register with DENR.

NC Mining and Energy Commission – Lee County Commissioner Jim Womack, elected Chairman of NC Mining and Energy Commission – September 28, 2012

SESSION LAW 2012-143 – July 2, 2012SENATE BILL 820 

(1) Reconstitutes the mining commission as the mining and energy commission, (2) requires the mining and energy commission and other regulatory agencies to develop a modern regulatory program for the management of oil and gas exploration and development activities in the state, including the use of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing for that purpose, (3) authorizes horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing, but prohibit the issuance of permits for these activities pending subsequent legislative action, (4) enhances landowner and public protections related to horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing, and (5) establishes the joint legislative commission on energy policy.

The intent of the General Assembly is to establish a modern regulatory program based on the following principles:

  1. Protection of public health and safety.
  2. Protection of public and private property.
  3. Protection and conservation of the State’s air, water, and other natural resources.
  4. Promotion of economic development and expanded employment opportunities.
  5. Productive and efficient development of the State’s oil and gas resources.

Science or Soundbite? Shale Gas, Hydraulic Fracturing, and Induced Earthquakes

June 4, 2012

USGS briefing presentation at the National Center in Reston during The Science in Action lecture series. Showcases some of the studies and research that USGS scientists are conducting related to natural gas.(53 minute video)

Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the East Coast Mesozoic Basins

June 4, 2012The USGS estimates a mean of 3,860 billion cubic feet of gas and a mean of 135 million barrels of natural gas liquids is available in the five basins that were quantitatively assessed; the Deep River, Taylorsville, Richmond, Dan River, South Newark basins. Deep River estimates for recoverable, undiscovered oil and gas resources are 1,660 billion cubic feet of gas or 83 millions barrels of natural gas.

Vermont first state to ban fracking

 May 16, 2012

Sanford Herald Article – May 17, 2012

NC State Economist May/June 2012

Shale Gas in North Carolina: Issues in Law, Economics and Policy

by Theodore A. Feitshans, Extension Associate Professor and

Brandon King, Extension Associate

Water Testing Has Started in Lee CountyNews Article from WRAL

Lee County Environmental Affairs Board

Collective Advice on Hydraulic Fracturing in Lee County

May 7, 2012 Lee County Commissioner Meeting

  NC Department of Justice, Attorney General’s Office Issues Consumer Protection Report on Fracking

May 1, 2012

For questions about this report, contact Noelle Talley (919) 716-6413 or email

N.C. Department of Environment and Natural Resources Issues Final Report on Hydraulic Fracturing

FINAL Report – May 1, 2012

FINAL Full Report (63MB)

FINAL Executive Summary (305k)

FINAL Recommendations and Limitations (372k)

FINAL Summary of Public Comments (388k)

For questions about this report, contact Trina Ozer (919) 707-8605 or email

 Lee County Commissioners Back Fracking

Sanford Hearld – Tuesday, April 3, 2012

Lee County Commissioners’ proposed Resolution (adopted April 2, 2012) in support for the extraction of natural gas  in North Carolina – Lee County Board of Commissioners Meeting – April 2, 2012, 3 p.m.

Impact Fees For the Shale Gas Industry in Pennsylvania

Two webinars recently held by Cooperative Extension in Pennsylvania examined the impact fees of the shale gas industry passed by the Pennsylvania General Assembly and signed into law on February 14, 2012. The legislation is known as “The Unconventional Gas Well Impact Fee Act”, or Act 13. Two webinars were recorded and are 90 minutes in length.

“What the Public Needs to Know about the New Shale Gas Impact Fee: Act 13,” aired March 15 and offered a broad overview of the impact fee components of the act, including the fee schedule, the decision facing counties and municipalities, if the counties don’t act, how dollars will be allocated, and how local governments can use them.

“What Local Officials Need to Know about the New Shale Gas Impact Fee: Act 13”, aired  March 22. This presentation was more technical in nature, breaking down the act for county leaderships in order to create, update and implement ordinances focused on the local control and planning aspects of the act.

NOTE: In order to view these webinars you may need to become a “Friend of Penn State” and create a digital identity.

Other webinars on Natural Gas in Pennsylvania are also posted.

Triangle J Council of Governments

Hydraulic Fracturing: Practical Considerations and First-Hand Experience

1:30 p.m.-4:30 p.m.,Thursday, March 29, 2012

McSwain Extension Center, Lee County Farm Bureau Auditorium

2420 Tramway Rd, Sanford

Space is limited – register today. To register, e-mail “RSVP Fracking” to,

or call 919.558.2706

Well Water Testing and Seismic Monitoring Updates

Seismic, well-water testing under way – April 7, 2012

Well Water Testing and Seismic Monitoring  – March 19, 2012

March 28, 2012 – Dr. Wagner reports that 9 of the 12 seismic monitoring sites are up and running.

DENR Natural Gas Public Hearings

DENR Natural Gas Public Hearing – (audio) – April 2, 2012, 6:30 p.m. – 8:30 the Barn at Fearrington VillageThe meeting starts at about 7 minutes and 40 seconds into the recording

 DENR Natural Gas Public Hearing – March 27, 2012, 6:30p.m. – 9:30 p.m.

Chapel Hill East Chapel Hill High School auditorium

Due to a computer or network glitch at the Chapel Hill site,

the video stops for about 8 seconds 2 minutes and 45 seconds into the event.

DENR Natural Gas Public Hearing – March 20, 2012 – Sanford, NC

held at the Dennis Wicker Civic Center in Sanford about hydraulic fracturing

DRAFTNorth Carolina Oil and Gas Studyunder Session Law 2011­-276March 2012

Written comments on the draft report will be accepted through April 2, 2012. Written comments can be sent via email to; or through the mail to NCDENR, attn: Trina Ozer, 1601 MSC, Raleigh, NC 27699.

DENR Natural Gas – Draft Report – March 16, 2012

 Public meetings to discuss the draft report will be held at the Dennis A Wicker Civic Center in Sanford on March 20, 2012, from 6:30 – 9:30 p.m. The second public meeting has been scheduled for March 27, 2012, and will take place in the auditorium of East Chapel Hill High School in Chapel Hill from 6:30 – 9:30 p.m. The same information will be presented at both meetings, and public comments will be accepted at both meetings as well as via mail and email.

Public Forum: “Exploration for Natural Gas and the Future of NC, a Scientific Perspective” – Friday, March 23, 2012 at Turner Auditorium located in D. Rich Hall, Campbell University. Forum is free to the public. The North Carolina Academy of Science will host. NCAS promotes public appreciation of science, science education, scientific research and a meaningful role for science in public policy.

North Carolina General Assembly’s Senate Energy Policy Issues Committee

Study strategies that will increase energy production and efficiency within the State to develop a secure, stable, and predictable energy supply in order to facilitate economic growth, job creation, and expansion of business and industry opportunities in a way that protects and preserves the State’s natural resources, cultural heritage, and quality of life.

February 15, 2012

Natural Gas: Well Water Testing Program

February 9, 2012  4:00 p.m. and 7:00 p.m.

Description of local aquifersProper well construction and well protectionOverview water sampling plans for parts of Lee and Chatham CountiesGroundwater sampling: previous studies and future opportunities Permission letter to sample well waterSponsored by: NC Cooperataive Extension, USGS, Duke Nicholas School of the Environment, Chatham County Public Health, Lee County Public Health and NCDENRBoth sessions will be held at the McSwain Extension Education and Agriculture Center

Presentations – February 9, 2012

Natural Gas Leases: Know What You Are Signing

November 8, 2011  4:00 p.m. and 7:00 p.m.

Introduction to the Geology of Shale GasConcerns about Current LeasesOwnership of Mineral & Water RightsLease Terminology and NegotiationsCo-sponsored by: RAFI and North Carolina Cooperative Extension, Lee County

November 10, 2011  4:00 p.m. and 7:00 p.m.

Physical Impacts on the LandImpact on Present Use ValueWhat’s Going On in Pennsylvania? Co-sponsored by: RAFI and North Carolina Cooperative Extension, Lee County

All classes will be held at the McSwain Extension Education and Agriculture Center

Presentations – November 8 & 10, 2011

N.C. Department of Environment and Natural Resources Public Meeting on N.C. Shale Gas Study

October 10, 2011
McSwain Extension Education Center

Natural Gas Workshop – April 26, 2011

Presentations – April 26, 2011:

Handouts – April 26, 2011

Legislation Relating to Natural Gas:

Natural Gas Exploration:  What You Need to Know

Presentations – June16, 2010

 Handouts – June 16, 2010

Natural Gas Resources:

  • Natural Gas Leasing in NC (N.C. Cooperative Extension)
  • Landonwer’s Rights and Mineral Leases In NC (RAFI-USA)
  • 1945 Oil and Gas Conservation Act – Article 27, G.S. 113-378 through 113-415
  • NC Department of Environment and Natural Resources (NCDENR) – Shale Gas
  • Map of Mesozoic Basins in NC
  • Penn State University – Cooperative Extension Natural Gas Resources
  • Bradford County Pa – The “Heart of Endless Mountains Region in Northeastern Pennsylvania” Natural Gas information – Since 2008 Marcellus Shale natural gas drilling in Bradford County has increased by 20% and has hundreds of natural gas wells drilled. Information ton their web site is designed to help residents and visitors understand the development of the industry and how it may affect the county and state.
  • Clean Water for NC
  • An in-depth review of the North Carolina environmental regulatory programs – February 2012  – STRONGER’S (State Review of Oil & Natural Gas Environmental Regulations Inc) report finding: In the event that shale gas exploration and production is permitted in North Carolina, formal standards and technical criteria should be developed as part of an oil and gas regulatory program. View the FINAL North Carolina report.
  • Lee County Environmental Affairs Board – Questions on Fracking IssuesFebruary 10, 2012 Letter presented to Legislative Select Committee on Energy Independence and Alternative Fuel. Issues and concerns identified by the Lee County Enironmetal Affairs Board are outlined in this letter written by Jimmy Foster, chair of the Environmental Affairs Board.

 Articles and letters of Interest relating to Natural Gas

  • Gas Leases:  Know Your Rights – Sanford Herald – May 23, 2012
  • Ownership of Lee County natural gas rights muddled- Raleigh News and Observer
  • The shale gas boom: Energy exploration in Carolina – Fayetteville Observer
  • As fracking looms, property owners test well water – Raleigh News and Observer
  • Chamber Endorses Fracking – Sanford Herald
  • DENR: With Safeguards, Fracking is Ok In NC – Raleigh News and Observer
  • Fracking proponents, opponents heard at hearing – Sanford Herald – March 21, 2012
  • Lee County EDC supports the initial study performed by DENR – March 21, 2012
  • Hundreds attend second hearing – Sanford Herald – March 28, 2012